Pehea ka nui o ka hopena o ka paio ma waena o Rusia a me Ukraine ma ka ʻoihana lāʻau?

ʻAʻole i hoʻoholo piha ʻia ka hakakā ma waena o Russia a me Ukraine no ka manawa lōʻihi.Ma ke ʻano he ʻāina me nā kumu lāʻau nui, ʻaʻohe kānalua e lawe mai i ka hopena waiwai i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe.Ma ka mākeke ʻEulopa, ʻo Farani a me Kelemania ka makemake nui i ka lāʻau.No Farani, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ʻo Rūsia a me Ukraine nā mea lawe lāʻau nui, ʻo ka ʻoihana pallet a me ka ʻoihana pallet i loaʻa i nā hemahema, ʻoi aku ka lāʻau kūkulu.Ua manaʻo ʻia ke kumukūʻai kumukūʻai E piʻi aʻe ana.I ka manawa like, ma muli o ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopena o ka aila a me ke kinoea maoli, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ke kumukūʻai.Ua ʻōlelo ka papa alakaʻi o ka German Wood Trade Association (GD Holz) ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā hana kūhelu āpau, a ʻaʻole lawe hou ʻo Kelemania i ka lāʻau ebony i kēia manawa.

Me nā waiwai he nui i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma ke awa, ʻaneʻane kū ka hana ʻana i ka plywood birch Italia.Ma kahi o 30% o ka lāʻau i lawe ʻia mai Russia, Ukraine a me Belarus.Ua hoʻomaka ka nui o nā mea kālepa Italia e kūʻai i ka pine elliotis Brazil ma ke ʻano he koho.ʻOi aku ka hopena o ka ʻoihana lāʻau Polani.ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻoihana lāʻau e hilinaʻi nei i nā mea waiwai a me nā huahana semi-finished mai Rūsia, Belarus a me Ukraine, no laila, hopohopo nui nā hui e pili ana i ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā kaulahao.

ʻOi aku ka hilinaʻi ʻana o ka hōkeo hoʻopukapuka o India i ka lāʻau Lūkini a me Ukrainian, a ua hoʻonui ʻia nā kumukūʻai hoʻopuka ma muli o ka piʻi ʻana o nā mea a me ka lawe ʻana.I kēia manawa, i mea e hana ai i ke kālepa me Rusia, ua hoʻolaha ʻo India e hui pū me kahi ʻōnaehana uku kālepa hou.I ka wā lōʻihi, e hoʻokūpaʻa ia i ke kālepa lāʻau o India me Rusia.Akā i ka wā pōkole, ma muli o ka liʻiliʻi o nā mea, ua piʻi nā kumukūʻai plywood ma India e 20-25% i ka hopena o Malaki, a wānana ka poʻe loea ʻaʻole i pau ka piʻi ʻana o ka plywood.

I kēia mahina, ua haʻalele ka hemahema o ka lāʻau birch ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me Kanada i nā mea kūʻai hale a me nā mea hana hale e hakakā nei.Ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka pule i hala e hoʻonui i ka ʻauhau ma nā huahana lāʻau Lūkini i lawe ʻia mai e 35%, ua ʻike ka mākeke plywood i ka piʻi nui i ka wā pōkole.Ua hoʻoholo ka Hale o nā Lunamaka'āinana o ʻAmelika i ke kānāwai e hoʻopau i nā pilina kālepa maʻamau me Russia.ʻO ka hopena, e piʻi aʻe nā kumukūʻai ma ka lāʻau birch Russian mai ka zero a 40-50%.ʻO ka lāʻau lāʻau Birch, ka mea i pōkole ka lako, e piʻi nui i ka wā pōkole.

ʻOiai ke manaʻo nei e hāʻule ka huina o nā huahana lāʻau ma Rūsia e 40%, a hiki paha i ka 70%, ʻaneʻane pau ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ʻoihana ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe.ʻO ka pau ʻana o ka pilina me nā hui ʻEulopa, ʻAmelika a me Iapana a me nā mea kūʻai aku, me nā hui ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole i hui hou me Rūsia, hiki ke hilinaʻi nui ʻia ka paʻakikī lāʻau Lūkini ma luna o ka mākeke lāʻau Kina a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka Kina.

ʻOiai ua hoʻopilikia mua ʻia ke kālepa lāʻau o Kina, ua hoʻi maoli ke kālepa Sino-Russian i ka maʻamau.Ma ka lā 1 o ʻApelila, ua hoʻokō maikaʻi ʻia ka pōʻai mua o Sino-Russian Wood Industry Business Matchmaking Conference i kākoʻo ʻia e ka China Timber and Wood Products Circulation Association Timber Importers and Exporters Branch, a ua alakaʻi ʻia kahi kūkākūkā pūnaewele e hoʻololi i ka māhele kūʻai mua o ʻEulopa o ka Lūkini. laau i ka makeke Pake.He nūhou maikaʻi loa ia no ka ʻoihana kūʻai lāʻau a me ka ʻoihana hana.

成品 (5)_副本2


Ka manawa kau: Apr-06-2022